Destinazioni,  Europa

Viaggio nella bellezza della Barcellona di Antoni Gaudí

La Barcellona di Antoni Gaudí è da sempre una delle mete più apprezzate dai viaggiatori. Arte, cultura e meraviglia in una città che lascia tutti senza fiato.

A cura di Valentina Grispo

“Questa città è magica. Ti entra nel sangue e ti ruba l’anima.”

Con queste parole Carlos Ruiz Zafón nel “L’ombra del vento” definisce Barcellona, magnifica città sul mare, ricca di luoghi magnifici e che ha fatto dell’arte la sua maggiore risorsa.

Il protagonista indiscusso dell’arte di Barcellona è Antoni Gaudí, geniale esempio dell’architettura Art Nouveau catalana ma che, pur condividendone i presupposti ideologici e tematici , grazie alla sua personalità eclettica, riuscì a innovarne le istanze delineando una visione talmente individuale da costituire un caso a sé.

L’ Art Nouveau può essere considerata come il primo modo in cui la società industriale cercò di darsi un’estetica, questa concezione dell’arte risulta caratterizzata, infatti, da una forte connotazione decorativa, una preferenza per le forme asimmetriche e dall’uso di una linea sinusoidale avvolgente. L’ispirazione alla natura e il revival neogotico costituiscono in questo contesto le istanze principali del movimento. Gaudí, pur collocandosi all’interno del genere, introdusse una sensibilità nuova, basata su una forte liricità, sull’esaltazione del connubio tra l’architettura e le altre arti e sull’impiego di elementi polimaterici e policromatici in grado di conferire grande vigore plastico ai suoi edifici.

In accordo con la sensibilità del tempo, lo stile che più di tutti condizionò Gaudí fu il neogotico al quale, però, si accostò attravero la lezione di Viollet-le-Duc, che invitava i giovani architetti a non rivolgersi in maniera dogmatica ai grandi esempi del passato, ma a migliorarli attraverso una personale interpretazione e utilizzando nuove tecniche costruttive. Gaudí cercò di porsi in continuità con il passato architettonico di Barcellona, ricca di splendidi esempi di gotico catalano, ma proprio a questo diede una sua personale interpretazione: riteneva, infatti, lo stile gotico, in un certo senso, imperfetto e anacronistico rispetto all’epoca moderna, dunque, adottò diverse soluzioni tecniche per migliorarlo secondo il gusto del tempo. È in questo modo che con l’architettura di Gaudí si aprono una serie di sperimentazioni statiche che condurranno all’eliminazione di quegli elementi strutturali e costitutivi del gotico, come i contrafforti e gli archi rampanti, giudicati da Gaudí come «stampelle» accessorie e antiestetiche necessarie nel passato solo per esigenze di natura costruttiva in mancanza di alternative.

La venerazione per le antichità gotiche e per la natura divenne per Gaudí una fonte di ispirazione, non solo per gli elementi decorativi ma anche e soprattutto per quelli strutturali.

La sua fortuna iniziò nel 1878 con l’interesse di Eusebi Güell, un ricco magnate che incontrò in occasione della Exposition Universelle di Parigi, che sognava di farsi costruire un palazzo visionario e riconobbe nell’esuberanza creativa dell’architetto il mezzo per potere ottenere prestigio all’interno di una società in cui lo status sociale era definito anche dalla particolarità e dal prestigio dei propri edifici, considerati al pari di una vetrina sul mondo.

Nacque così il parco più famoso di tutta Barcellona: Parc Güell, in cui si sprigionò tutta la libertà immaginativa di Gaudí.

Secondo L’architetto catalano il suo era, infatti, un mestiere che comprendeva anche il design e la cura di ogni dettaglio scultoreo, ciascun progetto aveva per lui la medesima importanza e nei suoi edifici anche i dettagli più minuti hanno richiesto un grande impegno progettuale. Nella realizzazione di Parc Güell dimostra la sua capacità di sposare materiali di origine artigianale e industriale: dal ferro, ai mattoni modellati da inserti policromi in ceramica, alla pietra scolpita.

Gaudí è considerato un modello, non solo nell’architettura in senso proprio, ma anche nell’artigianato, campo al quale diede un decisivo impulso con l’introduzione di nuove soluzioni decorative. Durante il periodo universitario, infatti, Gaudí ebbe l’opportunità di confrontarsi con importanti costruttori barcellonesi, come Eudald Puntí, Llorenç Matamala e Joan Oñós, grazie ai quali acquisì conoscenze non solo nell’ambito dell’architettura, ma anche in quello della scultura, dei lavori in ferro battuto, delle vetrate e delle ceramiche, che applicò nella progettazione e realizzazione dei suoi lavori, di cui si occupò il più delle volte personalmente.

Altre importanti personalità nella società di Barcellona si interessarono all’architettura di Gaudí: Josep Batlló, altolocato industriale del settore tessile, che nel 1904 affidò a Gaudí l’incarico di rimettere a nuovo un modesto palazzo acquistato l’anno precedente sul Passeig de Gràcia, e Roser Segimon e Pere Milà, che gli commissionarono qualche metro più avanti Casa Milà, detta La Pedrera.

Casa Batllò, dichiarata nel 2005 patrimonio dell’umanità dell’Unesco, emerge con la sua facciata decorata con mosaici policromi all’angolo tra due strade, nella zona d’espansione dell’Eixample, il distretto più popolato di Barcellona e zona eletta dalla borghesia catalana dell’epoca quale sede dei propri spettacolari palazzi.

In questo edificio gli elementi decorativi costituiscono la struttura e si integrano perfettamente con questa. Il tetto ricorda la schiena di un armadillo, è infatti evidente che i rettili costutiscono l’ispirazione principale, sia per l’interno, sia per l’esterno dell’edificio, con le sue caratteristiche forme a spirale e la prevalenza di linee curve. La resa delle pareti interne e in particolare della facciata, mimano la pelle squamosa di un serpente e grazie alla policromia rendono l’effetto sintetizzato dall parole dello stesso Gaudí : “Così il mio palazzo sarà più luminoso della luce”.

Qualche metro più avanti si incontra La Pedrera, realizzata tra il 1906 e il 1912. Questo edificio, a differenza di Casa Batllò, non spicca per il riflesso dei colori, ma per la sua forma atipica: si può considerare, infatti, come una rivisitazione in chiave modernista di una roccia erosa da agenti naturali, effetto dato dal materiale stesso trattato in modo da mettere in evidenza la porosità della pietra. La facciata segue una successione di linee serpentinate in cui le finestre, delimitate da inferriate che rielaborano motivi naturalistici, sembrano bocche di caverne.

L’attrazione principale di Barcellona, nonché l’opera che ha caratterizzato l’intera vita, artistica e non, di Gaudí gli venne commissionata nel 1882, a 31 anni: Il Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família (Tempio Espiatorio della Sacra Famiglia), o più semplicemente Sagrada Família. Questa opera, destinata a rimanere incompiuta, occupò l’architetto per oltre 40 anni, fino alla morte, esemplificando l’associazione tra arte, architettura e vita che caratterizza l’intensa opera di Gaudí.

L’ispirazione dichiarata per la Sagrada Família è la creazione divina, ovvero la natura, che riteneva essere la sua più preziosa maestra. Stando al giudizio di Gaudí l’errore fondamentale che ha caratterizzato generazioni di architetti era stato quello di affidarsi ai rigidi dettami della geometria euclidea, la quale promuoveva forme come i cerchi, le linee rette, verticali e perpendicolari che, pur essendo esteticamente gradevoli, erano impossibili da ritrovare in natura, dove , invece, prosperava la linea curva. ” La linea retta è la linea degli uomini, quella curva la linea di Dio”, diceva Gaudí.

La maestosa Sagrada Família domina la città con la sua vertiginosa altezza come un chiaro richiamo al senso mistico dell’ascensione dalla terra al cielo. Ma lo stupore assale il visitatore quando entra all’interno dove incontra un tripudio di colori dati dal riflesso della luce sulle vetrate colorate e dal tetto realizzato come vi fossero ramificazioni di alberi.

“Volete sapere dove ho trovato la mia ispirazione? In un albero; l’albero sostiene i grossi rami, questi i rami più piccoli e i rametti sostengono le foglie. E ogni singola parte cresce armoniosa, magnifica.” Antoni Gaudí.

RIPRODUZIONE RISERVATA

Bibliografia:

Rainer Zerbst, Antoni Gaudí, Taschen, 1990

120 commenti

  • Glenna Maahs

    I was very pleased to find this web-site.I wanted to thanks for your time for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you blog post.

  • Ernesto Corrio

    I simply want to tell you that I am all new to blogging and site-building and definitely savored you’re blog site. Most likely I’m going to bookmark your website . You surely come with beneficial stories. Regards for sharing your web site.

  • Terence Sladick

    I just want to tell you that I am newbie to blogs and actually liked you’re web-site. Almost certainly I’m planning to bookmark your site . You amazingly come with fantastic articles. Thanks a lot for sharing with us your website.

  • getting the correct viagra dosage

    I was extremely happy to discover this web-site. I wished to many thanks for your time for this fantastic read!! I most definitely taking pleasure in every bit of it as well as I have you bookmarked to look into brand-new things you post.

  • Sung Osayande

    I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your site. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme? Exceptional work!

  • giocattoli shop online

    Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your site is so cool. I’m impressed by the details that you have on this blog. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched all over the place and just couldn’t come across. What a perfect web site.

  • tsa cbd oil

    There are some fascinating moments in this short article yet I don?t understand if I see every one of them facility to heart. There is some legitimacy yet I will certainly take hold viewpoint up until I check out it better. Good short article, thanks and we want much more! Contributed to FeedBurner too

  • cb01 streaming ita

    I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your website. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a developer to create your theme? Fantastic work!

  • Resources

    Can I simply state what an alleviation to locate somebody who in fact recognizes what theyre talking about on the web. You certainly recognize exactly how to bring an issue to light as well as make it crucial. Even more individuals require to read this as well as understand this side of the tale. I angle believe youre not much more prominent since you certainly have the present.

  • Luigi Darakjy

    Oh my goodness! an outstanding write-up dude. Thanks However I am experiencing problem with ur rss. Don?t recognize why Unable to register for it. Is there any individual obtaining identical rss problem? Any person who recognizes kindly react. Thnkx

  • buy google reviews

    I do love the way you have framed this specific difficulty and it does offer us a lot of fodder for consideration. Nonetheless, from what precisely I have experienced, I just simply trust as the feedback stack on that folks remain on issue and don’t start upon a soap box regarding the news du jour. Still, thank you for this fantastic piece and even though I can not necessarily agree with this in totality, I value the viewpoint.

  • More hints

    excellent post, very informative. I wonder why the other experts of this sector do not notice this. You should continue your writing. I am sure, you’ve a huge readers’ base already!

  • click here

    I got what you intend, thankyou for posting .Woh I am thankful to find this website through google. “The test and use of a man’s education is that he finds pleasure in the exercise of his mind.” by Carl Barzun.

  • kevin david

    Thanks for the good writeup. It if truth be told was a amusement account it. Look complicated to more added agreeable from you! However, how can we communicate?

  • jonathan manzi

    I¡¦ve been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts on this kind of house . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this website. Reading this information So i¡¦m satisfied to exhibit that I have a very just right uncanny feeling I came upon just what I needed. I so much unquestionably will make certain to don¡¦t forget this website and provides it a look regularly.

  • 1a pharma sildenafil ohne rezept

    After research a few of the blog posts on your web site currently, and also I truly like your means of blog writing. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and also will be checking back soon. Pls take a look at my website as well as well as let me understand what you assume.

  • ernafil sildenafil

    I?m impressed, I should state. Truly seldom do I run into a blog that?s both informative as well as entertaining, as well as let me inform you, you have actually struck the nail on the head. Your idea is impressive; the problem is something that not enough people are speaking smartly around. I am extremely delighted that I came across this in my look for something connecting to this.

  • Privatedogtraining.net

    Hello there I am so thrilled I found your blog, I really found you by accident, while I was looking on Digg for something else, Regardless I am here now and would just like to say thanks a lot for a marvelous post and a all round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read it all at the moment but I have saved it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the superb work.

  • industriale-oggi.it/adattatore-industriale/

    Today, I went to the beach with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  • Click Here

    you are really a excellent webmaster. The site loading pace is amazing. It sort of feels that you’re doing any unique trick. In addition, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve done a magnificent activity on this subject!

  • Women's Sexy Rhinestone Panties

    Thanks for giving your ideas. I might also like to state that video games have been ever evolving. Today’s technology and innovative developments have assisted create authentic and enjoyable games. These types of entertainment video games were not as sensible when the real concept was being tried out. Just like other areas of technologies, video games too have had to develop by way of many ages. This is testimony towards the fast growth and development of video games.

  • gündem

    Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed! Very useful info specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such information a lot. I was looking for this particular info for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  • Gomovies

    Does your site have a contact page? I’m having problems locating it but, I’d like to send you an e-mail. I’ve got some ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it grow over time.

  • Assignment help

    You actually make it seem so easy together with your presentation but I find this matter to be really something that I think I’d never understand. It sort of feels too complex and extremely vast for me. I’m taking a look ahead to your next put up, I will attempt to get the dangle of it!

  • create website to sell

    One more thing. I believe that there are many travel insurance web-sites of reputable companies that permit you to enter holiday details and have you the prices. You can also purchase an international holiday insurance policy on the net by using your own credit card. Everything you need to do is always to enter your own travel information and you can start to see the plans side-by-side. Only find the system that suits your capacity to pay and needs then use your credit card to buy that. Travel insurance on the internet is a good way to take a look for a respectable company for international travel insurance. Thanks for expressing your ideas.

  • bitcoins app

    Thanks for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do some research about this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more from this post. I’m very glad to see such magnificent info being shared freely out there.

  • cbd extract for sale

    Aw, this was a really wonderful article. In idea I wish to place in creating similar to this additionally? taking some time and actual initiative to make a very good write-up? however what can I claim? I put things off alot and never seem to obtain something done.

  • Shapewear

    Greetings! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having difficulty finding one? Thanks a lot!

  • Buckalew

    I enjoy what you guys are usually up too. This kind of clever work and coverage! Keep up the wonderful works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to blogroll.

  • Mcauly

    Hey! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a group of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us useful information to work on. You have done a outstanding job!

  • acrylic

    I haven’t checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  • Neckology neck massager

    Hi I am so glad I found your blog, I really found you by accident, while I was browsing on Google for something else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say kudos for a tremendous post and a all round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design), I dont have time to browse it all at the moment but I have saved it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the great job.

  • Dong Gugino

    I was very pleased to discover this web-site. I wished to many thanks for your time for this remarkable read!! I most definitely taking pleasure in every bit of it as well as I have you bookmarked to check out new things you post.

  • https://systemssolutions.io/

    Hi there! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Terrific blog and excellent design.

  • tyga type beat

    Thanks for your beneficial post. Over time, I have come to be able to understand that the symptoms of mesothelioma are caused by the particular build up connected fluid relating to the lining of your lung and the upper body cavity. The illness may start within the chest location and propagate to other body parts. Other symptoms of pleural mesothelioma include losing weight, severe deep breathing trouble, nausea, difficulty eating, and swelling of the neck and face areas. It really should be noted that some people living with the disease will not experience every serious signs or symptoms at all.

  • canvas prints

    Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you could be giving us something informative to read?

  • Esercizi cellulite

    We’re a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your site offered us with valuable information to work on. You have done a formidable job and our whole community will be thankful to you.

  • filenieuws

    Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely well written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

  • reference

    you’re truly a excellent webmaster. The site loading velocity is amazing. It sort of feels that you’re doing any distinctive trick. Also, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve done a fantastic activity on this matter!

  • Blindfolds

    I like the helpful info you provide for your articles. I’ll bookmark your blog and test again right here regularly. I am relatively sure I’ll be informed plenty of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the following!

  • my link

    Hi, Neat post. There’s a problem along with your web site in web explorer, might check thisK IE still is the marketplace leader and a big component of people will leave out your great writing because of this problem.

  • kamagra 100mg

    I genuinely enjoy examining on this internet site, it holds great content. “The great secret of power is never to will to do more than you can accomplish.” by Henrik Ibsen.

  • steel garage

    You actually make it appear so easy together with your presentation however I find this matter to be actually something that I believe I might never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely wide for me. I’m having a look forward to your next post, I will try to get the cling of it!

  • Myles Deschambault

    I discovered your website web site on google and appearance many of your early posts. Always keep in the top notch operate. I just extra encourage Rss to my MSN News Reader. Looking for toward reading a lot more on your part at a later date!…

  • 메이저사이트

    Hi, I do believe this is a great web site. I stumbledupon it 😉
    I’m going to come back once again since I bookmarked it.
    Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  • Eileen

    Hmm it seems like your blog ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to everything. Do you have any helpful hints for rookie blog writers? I’d genuinely appreciate it.

  • redirected here

    We stumbled over here coming from a different page and thought I should check things out. I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward to exploring your web page yet again.

  • Helen Brune

    Thanks for the good critique. Me and my cousin were just preparing to do some research on this. We got a book from our local library but I think I’ve learned more from this post. I’m very glad to see such great information being shared freely out there…

  • Kris Molla

    Oh my goodness! a wonderful post dude. Appreciate it However My business is experiencing issue with ur rss . Don’t know why Unable to enroll in it. Perhaps there is any person finding identical rss problem? Anyone who knows kindly respond. Thnkx

  • Norine Tupick

    I have not checked in here for a while since I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are really good quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend.

  • Omega

    I have not checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  • Sex toy gifts

    I wanted to send you this bit of word to be able to say thank you as before for your fantastic views you’ve contributed here. This has been simply incredibly generous with you to offer unhampered all a number of us could have distributed for an ebook in making some dough on their own, chiefly considering the fact that you could possibly have done it in the event you desired. Those smart ideas also acted to provide a easy way to realize that the rest have a similar passion just like my personal own to realize good deal more with regards to this problem. I am certain there are millions of more pleasant situations in the future for individuals that go through your blog post.

  • schilderwerken

    Good article and right to the point. I don’t know if this is in fact the best place to ask but do you guys have any ideea where to get some professional writers? Thanks in advance 🙂

  • Mountain Bike Forks

    What i don’t realize is actually how you are not actually much more well-liked than you might be right now. You are very intelligent. You realize thus considerably relating to this subject, made me personally consider it from so many varied angles. Its like women and men aren’t fascinated unless it’s one thing to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs outstanding. Always maintain it up!

  • LANKELEISI Bicicletas eléctricas

    Interesting post right here. One thing I’d like to say is the fact most professional areas consider the Bachelor’s Degree like thejust like the entry level requirement for an online education. Even though Associate Certification are a great way to start out, completing a person’s Bachelors presents you with many entrances to various professions, there are numerous online Bachelor Course Programs available coming from institutions like The University of Phoenix, Intercontinental University Online and Kaplan. Another issue is that many brick and mortar institutions provide Online editions of their college diplomas but normally for a substantially higher amount of money than the corporations that specialize in online degree programs.

  • Neinstein LLP

    I simply couldn’t leave your site prior to suggesting that I really loved the usual info an individual provide for your visitors? Is gonna be back often in order to check out new posts.

  • 12Bet

    hi!,I like your writing very a lot! proportion we be in contact extra approximately your article on AOL? I need a specialist in this area to unravel my problem. May be that’s you! Having a look forward to peer you.

  • asm schilderwerken

    I like the valuable information you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here frequently. I’m quite certain I’ll learn lots of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

  • More Info

    You could certainly see your enthusiasm within the paintings you write. The arena hopes for even more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to mention how they believe. At all times go after your heart.

  • cbd dog treats recipe

    There are some fascinating points in this write-up but I don?t recognize if I see every one of them facility to heart. There is some credibility however I will certainly take hold point of view till I consider it even more. Excellent article, many thanks and we desire extra! Included in FeedBurner too

  • big boned german shepherd puppies

    Attractive portion of content. I simply stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually loved account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing on your feeds or even I fulfillment you get right of entry to constantly quickly.

  • cbd for pain

    After research a few of the blog posts on your site currently, as well as I really like your means of blog writing. I bookmarked it to my book marking internet site list and will be examining back soon. Pls check out my internet site too and also let me understand what you assume.

  • tiles price Philippines

    Great – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related information ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Nice task..

  • Bronwyn Hoye

    Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good results. If you know of any please share. Appreciate it!

  • for sale by owner

    Have you ever considered creating an ebook or guest authoring on other blogs? I have a blog based on the same ideas you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I know my subscribers would appreciate your work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e-mail.

  • esperto seo

    Hi there I am so grateful I found your web site, I really found you by error, while I was browsing on Bing for something else, Regardless I am here now and would just like to say thanks a lot for a marvelous post and a all round entertaining blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the great job.

  • 可愛いコスメ通販

    We’re a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your web site provided us with valuable information to work on. You’ve done an impressive job and our whole community will be thankful to you.

  • Read More

    Great website. Plenty of helpful info here. I am sending it to some buddies ans additionally sharing in delicious. And naturally, thanks for your sweat!

Lascia un commento

Il tuo indirizzo email non sarà pubblicato.